Technology Definitions

Instant Messaging

Instant Messaging

Instant messaging is a technology that enables computer users to quickly exchange brief typed messages. The messages are sent over the Internet or another computer network. Instant messaging is often referred to simply by the abbreviation IM. Instant messaging differs from e-mail in that IM communication occurs in real time—that…

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Efficiency

Efficiency

Efficiency, in science and technology, is the ratio of the work we get out of a machine to the amount of energy put into the machine. Efficiency may also be defined as the ratio of power output to the total power input. The difference between the energy put in and…

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Video Art

Video Art

Video art uses video technology to create visual art through one or more television monitors. Video art is named for videotape, which video artists used to record images from the 1960’s through the 1980’s. Today, video artists often work with DVD’s or other technology. Video art may tell a running…

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Stevens Institute of Technology

Stevens Institute of Technology

Stevens Institute of Technology is a private, independent university in Hoboken, New Jersey. It is named for a family of American engineers. John Stevens designed the first steam locomotive built in the United States. His sons Edwin and John Cox Stevens were members of the group that built and raced…

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Illinois Institute of Technology

Illinois Institute of Technology

Illinois Institute of Technology, often called IIT, is a private institution of higher education in Chicago. It traces its origin to 1890, when Chicago clergyman Frank Gunsaulus expressed his vision of a school where students of all backgrounds could prepare for meaningful roles in a changing industrial society. Chicago meat…

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Curtin University of Technology

Curtin University of Technology

Curtin University of  Technology is an institution of higher education in Perth, Western Australia. It was founded in 1966 as the Western Australian Institute of Technology (WAIT). The roots of the institute went back to the founding of Perth Technical College, which opened in 1900. In 1986, the institute was…

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Digital Technology

Digital Technology

Digital technology includes all types of electronic equipment and applications that use information in the form of numeric code. This information is usually in binary code—that is, code that can be represented by strings of only two numeric characters. These characters are usually 0 and 1. Devices that process and…

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Technology Assessment, Office of

Technology Assessment, Office of

Technology Assessment, Office of, or OTA, was an advisory agency of the United States Congress. It operated from 1972 to 1995. The agency gave congressional committees analyses of the potential of new technologies and their possible economic, environmental, and social effects. The OTA also pointed out areas that might have…

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